Market Reports
China Cotton Auction FINAL
  • 12-March-2018 To 30-Sept-2018

    Reserve Stock End Of 2017 5,256,286
    Cumulative Sales 2,510,279
    Remaining Stock 2,746,007

    Reserve Stock End Of 2017 24,142,123
    Cumulative Sales 11,529,712
    Remaining Stock 2,612,411
Historical Revisions to Indian's Cotton Balance Sheet - USDA
  • Historical Revisions to Indian's Cotton Balance Sheet - USDA

    Historical revisions have been made to India’s balance sheet for the years 2002/03 through 2013/14, with the stock adjustment carried forward. The revisions are based on the conclusion that market yard arrivals data underreported arrivals in the early portion of the harvest season. This conclusion was based on observed market activity in November for several years.
Brazil: More cotton acreage is being planted
  • Shifting Corn Acres to Cotton

    While corn remains the major safrinha crop for Brazilian farmers, more cotton acreage is being planted in Mato Grosso this spring, as well.

    Over the past two years, cotton planting has increased by nearly one-third for the safrinha in Mato Grosso. The Brazilian Association of Cotton Producers(Abrapa) forecast cotton acreage to grow to 1.4 million hectares (3.46 million acres). Mato Grosso accounts for about 88% of Brazil’s cotton production.
Exchange Stock Position
  • MCX Cotton As on 18-Feb-2021

    Total Utilized Capacity =2,11,825 Bales
    Eligible for Exchange Delivery = 1,76,775
    Quantity in Process = 31,275
    Rejected Stocks = 3,775 Bales

    NCDEX KHAL As on 18-Feb-2021

    Cotton Seed Oil Cake Stock
    Unencumbered = 76,804 MT
    Pledged = 7,487 MT
    QTY in Process = 715 MT
USDA Prospective Plantings
  • USDA Planting Intention

    US All cotton planted area for 2019 is estimated at 13.8 million acres, 2 percent below last year.

    Upland area is estimated at 13.5 million acres, down 2 percent from 2018.

    American Pima area is estimated at 255,000 acres, up 2 percent from 2018.
Indian Raw Cotton Export-Import 2018-19
    Including Cotton Waste

    Oct-2018 to Mar-2019
    6,63,386 Tones
    39,02,271 Bales of 170 Kg

    Including Cotton Waste

    Oct-2018 to Mar-2019
    1,01,072 Tones
    5,94,541 Bales of 170 Kg

China Cotton Auction
  • From May 5 to Sep 27, the cumulative turnover of reserve cotton was 979,100 tons, and the turnover rate was 85.94%.
USDA -World Markets and Trade
  • China cotton imports in 2019/20 are expected to surpass the previous year’s robust level, reinforcing its position
    as the world’s largest importer. The current 2018/19 estimate, boosted this month, is expected to be the largest in 5 years as China supplements domestic supplies amid ongoing auctions of State Reserve stocks. Despite this strong upward trend in imports, U.S. exports to China have weakened as Brazil, Australia, and other countries have expanded both exports and market share.
India's Cotton Textiles Export Update for FY (April – June) 2019-20
  • India’s Cotton Textiles Exports

    Cotton Textile exports reached a level of USD 739.17 million in June 2019 marking a decline of (-) 30.4 per cent against the corresponding month of June 2018, wherein exports were valued at USD 1,061.96 million.

    In rupee terms, exports during the month of June 2019 reached a level of Rs. 5,132.72 cr. as against Rs. 7,199.39 Cr. in June 2018 marking a decline of (-) 28.7 per cent in rupee terms.
USDA - Cotton and Wool Outlook
  • Cotton and Wool Outlook

    U.S. Cotton Product Trade Increasing in 2019

    The latest U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates indicate that total U.S. cotton textile and apparel trade rose during the first half of 2019, compared with the corresponding 2018 period. U.S. cotton product imports totaled the equivalent of 9.0 million 480-pound bales of raw cotton during January-June 2019—compared with 8.8 million bales for the first 6 months of 2018—while cotton product exports declined slightly to 1.7 million bale-equivalents.
US Export Sales Summary
  • 01-Aug-2019 To 22-Aug-2019


    PIMA 1,53,645
    UPLAND 80,84,753
    TOTAL 82,38,398

    PIMA 29,297
    UPLAND 8,61,924
    TOTAL 8,91,221

    2020-2021 SALES

    UPLAND 4,63,124
ICAC - Executive Summary Dec-2019
  • Highlights from the Inaugural Session of the 78th Plenary Meeting:

    Consumers today are increasingly demanding information on the origin and history of the products they buy, putting pressure on retailers to provide transparency

    Multiple technologies have the potential to provide that traceability, including blockchain and a host of products from private companies
Cotton Inc. Executive Cotton Update - February 2020
  • Executive Cotton Update - February 2020

    Macroeconomic Overview:  The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that the U.S. economy grew 2.3% in 2019.  Forecasts suggest that growth could slow a little in 2020, with many projections falling between 1.9% and 2.1%.  For comparison, in 2018, growth was 2.9% and in 2017 growth was 2.4%.    

NCC survey
  • U.S. producers will plant 13 million acres in 2020

    U.S. cotton producers intend to plant 13 million cotton acres this spring, down 5.5% from 2019 (based on the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s February 2020 estimate), according to the National Cotton Council’s 39th Annual Early Season Planting Intentions Survey.

Cotton Inc. Monthly Economic Letter August-2020
  • Cotton Market Fundamentals & Price Outlook


    Movement in benchmark prices was mixed over the past month.

    The NY December futures contract moved lower (to below 60 cents/lb in late July) and then higher (near 65 cents/lb in early August) over the past month. Current values (63 cents/lb) are nearly even with those from one month ago.

ICAC - Cotton This Month
  • Changes in Supply and Demand Estimates (from 17 August 2020)

    Limited Cotton Recovery within Pandemic: Production and Stock Levels High, Slow Consumption Growth  

    Even as the most stringent containment measures begin to be lifted, the opportunity for economic recovery may not relieve current market uncertainty. Countries vary in their ability to flatten the contagion curve and the fiscal space to mitigate the pandemic associated recession.
Cotton Inc. Monthly Economic Letter November-2020
  • Cotton Market Fundamentals & Price Outlook


    All international benchmark prices increased over the past month.

    The NY December futures contract climbed from 67 to as high as 72 cents/lb near the end of October.  More recently, prices eased back to 70 cents/lb.
    Cotlook’s A Index rose from 73 to 76 cents/lb over the past month.
MSP Procurement 23-Mar-2021
  • Procurement operations of seed cotton (Kapas) under MSP are going on smoothly in the States of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Karnataka. Till 23.03.2021 a quantity of 91,86,803 cotton bales valuing Rs.26,719.51 Crore has been procured benefitting 18,86,498 farmers.
ICAC Executive Summary
  • Lower Production Expected to Ease Pressure on Prices in 2020/21

    Highlights from the December 2020 Cotton This Month include

    *The global production estimate has been lowered to 24.7 million tonnes for 2020/21

    *The global consumption estimate remains steady ay 24.3 million tonnes

    *Global trade is expected to climb to 9.4 million tonnes

ICAC - Cotton Update
  • 15th Mar 2021

    Major changes (larger than 40,000 tonnes)

    Australia 2020/21: production 562,000 tonnes (+56,000 tonnes)

    Brazil 2020/21: production 2.5 million tonnes (-128,600 tonnes)

    2020/21: exports 1.74 million tonnes (+79,000 tonnes)

    • Daily Physical Spot Rate

    • MCX Cotton Daily Closing Rate

    • USD-INR Exchange Rate Closing

    • Cotlook Index

    • ICE Future Closing

    • NCDEX Kapas Rate

    • MCX Future Closing

    • NCDEX and MCX converted into Rs. Candy Rate
ICAC - Cotton This Month
  • Production, Consumption and Trade are Expected to Increase in 2021/22

    For the current season, the global production estimate for 2020/21 has been reduced to 24.3 million tonnes this month with smaller crop estimates expected for India, Brazil, and the United States. For India, the latest meeting of the Committee on Cotton Production and Consumption (COCPC) reported production for 2020/21 at 6.12 million tonnes. With the country under crisis from a second wave of COVID-19, mill-use has been revised down to 5.15 million tonnes.
Cotton Indices and Spot Rate As on 17-Aug-2020
  • Brazil Cotton Index 100.05 +1.51%

    Cotlook A Index 102.75 unch

    US Upland Spot Rate 91.81 +0.85

    MCX Spot Rate 27,160

    China Cotton Index
    As on 18-Aug-2021

    CC Index 328: 18542 +138
    CC Index 527: 17498 +120
    CC Index 229: 18831 +146
Jerningan Global News Letter 15-Nov-2021


Shurley on Cotton
  • Fundamentals Provide Reason For New Hope, Support

    December 10, 2021

    Uncertainty and panic over the OMICRON variant caused the cotton market, along with many other commodities, to drop significantly in price over the past 2 weeks.
ICE Cotton Update
  • Cotton set for best week in over 2 – months on strong export sales data

    ICE cotton futures rose 3% on Friday and were headed for their best week in more than two months, supported by strong U.S. export numbers and on hopes of an uptick in demand from top consumer China.
Monthly Rate Movement Report January– 2022
  • Monthly Rate Movement Report January– 2022

    • Daily Physical Spot Rate

    • MCX Cotton Daily Closing Rate

    • USD-INR Exchange Rate Closing

    • Cotlook Index

    • ICE Future Closing

    • NCDEX Kapas Rate

    • MCX Future Closing

    • NCDEX and MCX converted into Rs. Candy Rate

    We hope it will be useful to all the stake holders of Textile Value Chain.
Gujcot Monthly Rate Movement Report – Oct 2022
  • • October was month of continuous down trend. NY December future lost about 1300 points during the month. USDA WASDE was bearish. USDA reduced world consumption by 3 million bales so world ending stock was also up by 3 million bales. Recession fear in Europe and America has created downward sentiment.

    • US Export sales was poor also some cancellation from China reason for downtrend. But US is well committed to reach USDA export target.
PLEXUS Market Comments
  • So where do we go from here?

    The lack of demand is clearly a problem at the moment and as such the WASDE doesn’t reflect the right set of numbers in its balance sheet. While the supply side is now more or less known, the demand side is overstated by several million bales and will have to be adjusted lower over the coming months, which will have a bearish impact.
Gujcot Monthly Rate Movement Report – Nov 2022
  • • November month started with sharp uptrend during the first week. NY Future closed limit up for the first four days in this month and jumped to 87 cents from 72 cents in just one week. There after remained highly volatility during the month.

    • USDA WASDE report was neutral to bearish.
  • Dec-2022

    This month’s 2022/23 U.S. cotton forecasts include higher production and ending stocks but lower mill use and exports. Production is 211,000 bales higher—at 14.2 million bales—mainly due to higher yields in the Delta and Southeast. Mill use is lowered 100,000 bales reflecting reduced spinning levels to date and weaker expectations for future demand. A reduction in expected world demand and trade results in a 250,000-bale decrease for U.S. cotton exports, down to 12.25 million.
DTN Closing Cotton
  • Cotton Ends Higher Monday

    Jul 03, 2023

    The cotton market was somewhat higher Monday, inspired by adverse weather unfolding across the Belt, as well as continued supporters from Friday's acres report.

    The cotton market was somewhat higher Monday, inspired by adverse weather unfolding across the Belt, as well as continued supporters from Friday's acres report.
  • January-2023

    COTTON: This month’s U.S. 2022/23 cotton forecasts include higher production and ending stocks, no change in U.S. mill use, and lower exports. Production is 438,000 bales higher, at 14.7 million, with yield at a record 947 pounds per acre, up 9 percent from the December estimate. Exports are forecast 250,000 bales lower, at 12.0 million, with both projected world trade and the U.S. share slightly lower this month. Ending stocks are up 700,000 bales to 4.2 million, equal to 30 percent of projected use.
  • Feb-2023

    COTTON: The 2022/23 U.S. cotton supply and demand forecasts show slightly lower mill use and higher ending stocks relative to last month, while production and exports are unchanged. The mill use forecast is lowered 100,000 bales to 2.1 million on recent lower rates of monthly utilization. The upland cotton marketing year average price received by producers is projected at 83 cents per pound, unchanged from January.
USDA Prospective Planting 2023
  • All cotton planted area for 2023 is estimated at 11.3 million acres, down 18 percent from last year. Upland area is estimated at 11.1 million acres, down 18 percent from 2022. American Pima area is estimated at 154,000 acres, down 16 percent from 2022.

ICAC April Month Updates
  • Cotton This Month 03 April 2023

    Indian Farmers Might Be Holding Their Cotton but Global Production Remains Stable

    In this edition of Cotton This Month, we will examine the current situation with delayed cotton arrivals in India and how this may affect the global balance sheets in the 2022/23 season.
Cleveland on Cotton 07-Apr-2023
  • Cotton Prices Improve, But Demand Remains Bearish

    Cotton prices surged higher going into the three-day weekend as the Easter holiday gave speculators reason to try the long side of the cotton market once again. In fact, all contracts out to March 2024 settled above 83 cents – a welcome relief not seen in recent weeks.
Shurely on Cotton 19-May-2023
  • Cotton Prices Keep Knocking on the 85 Cents Door

    Since plummeting to the low 70s last fall, new crop December 2023 futures roller-coastered up, then down, then up again to near 86 cents by the end of January. December 2023 has since teetered within a five-cent range of mostly 79 to 84 cents over the past five months.
Cotton Outlook Press Release
  • May 26, 2023

    Cotlook’s May supply and demand forecasts indicate lower consumption and higher world ending stocks for both 2022/23 and 2023/24

    Cotlook’s forecast of global raw cotton output in 2022/23 has been reduced this month, by 69,000 tonnes to 24,852,000 tonnes. Reductions for the African Franc Zone and the United States were partially offset by increases for China and Australia.
ICAC - Cotton This Month June-2023 Update
  • Cotton’s Slow Period Continues... But Planting Decisions Are Coming Soon

    With the current season coming to a close it is time to start shifting our focus to the next season with high hopes and anticipation. Most of the Northern Hemisphere cotton producing countries have started planting, are preparing for planting, or are thinking about planting. Soil moisture is an essential ingredient for a successful planting operation.
Thompson on Cotton
  • Signs a Soft Landing May Be Possible

    July 31, 2023

    December futures string of daily highs ended last week at eight. But not before reaching 88.39 which proved to be a trigger point for grower selling. However, as warned, when riding a wave of spec buying in a market environment with questionable underpinnings a reversal is always lurking. Such was the case on Thursday, when a triple digit selloff all but erased earlier gains. The tipping point being an overbought position, pressure from grower selling, and bleak exports sales.
  • Aug-2023

    COTTON: In this month’s 2023/24 U.S. cotton projections, beginning stocks are larger, and a 2.5- million-bale decrease in production results in lower exports, domestic use, and ending stocks. Beginning stocks are larger as this month’s 2022/23 ending stocks are increased 450,000 bales reflecting slightly lower exports and July 29 warehouse inventory levels in the AMS Bales Made Available for Shipment report.
  • 2023-2024
    Net Upland Sales 1,86,300
    Upland Shipments 2,02,300
    Net Pima Sales 3,300
    Pima Shipments 3,100
    TOTAL SALES 1,89,600

    Net Upland Sales 00
    Net Pima Sales 00
    TOTAL 00
PCCA Cotton Market Weekly
  • AUGUST 18, 2023


    • Equity Markets Struggled with Mixed Economic Data
    • Surprising Demand from China Found on U.S. Export Sales Report for the Week Ending August 10
    • U.S. Crop Continues to Deteriorate, Stemming from the Southwest

    Aug 21, 2023

    The market (Mar) lost 427 points last week, finishing at 83.62, with the Dec – Mar spread near flat at 7. Last week, our models predicted a finish on the week that was to be near-unchanged to higher Vs the previous week’s finish, which proved to be incorrect. The Dec contract experienced only one day of non-negative action last week with its 1-point gain on Friday. Dec has commenced the new week higher.
  • 2023-2024
    Net Upland Sales 38,900
    Upland Shipments 2,04,200
    Net Pima Sales 1,300
    Pima Shipments 9,600
    TOTAL SALES 40,200

    Net Upland Sales 52,800
    Net Pima Sales 00
    TOTAL 52,800
PCCA Cotton Market Weekly
  • AUGUST 25, 2023


    • Equity Markets had a Mixed Week Before Eventually Settling Lower
    • Demand for U.S. Cotton Dismal for Week Ending August 18
    • Deteriorating Crop Condition Continues to Worry Traders
Cleveland on Cotton
  • Analyzing Cotton’s Big Tease

    Aug 28, 2023

    The Big Tease – cotton prices shot higher on the week. Each successive daily close was higher than the prior day’s close. That folks, is the definition of an uptrend. Let’s get excited.

    Too, the market captured the prior week’s losses. Sounds bullish – whatever that word means.
  • 2023-2024
    Net Upland Sales 61,400
    Upland Shipments 2,14,100
    Net Pima Sales 4,600
    Pima Shipments 3,100
    TOTAL SALES 66,000

    Net Upland Sales 11,000
    Net Pima Sales 00
    TOTAL 11,000
PCCA Cotton Market Weekly
  • SEPTEMBER 1, 2023


    • Outside Markets Higher Much of the Week Despite Unclear Economic Outlook
    • U.S. Export Sales Higher for Week Ending August 31, but Demand is Still a Concern
    • Damage to Crop from Hurricane Idalia Will Likely Be Minimal
Cleveland on Cotton 01-Sep-2023
  • Cotton is a Calling

    I was wrong. Again. Last week’s price rally was no tease. This week’s news was real, and particularly good news at that. Cotton had a monumental week, shooting up to 90 cents, basis December and settling at 89.95, the best move in nearly a year. The August USDA world supply demand report set the stage for a price rally into the low 90’s but anemic demand had blocked prices from moving higher.
Thompson on Cotton
  • Music to the Market’s Ears

    September 5, 2023

    Last week was a case of bad news for some was good news to others. Hurricane Idalia was expected to take her Category 3 winds east of all but a small portion of the Georgia crop. Instead, upon landfall it veered slightly northward damaging a much larger expanse of the state’s crop. While abroad, China’s economy has slumped to the point its government announced Friday monetary policies would be instituted in an effort to bolster it.

    Sep 05, 2023

    The market gained 264 points last week, finishing at 89.95, with the Dec – Mar inversion expanding modestly to 18. Last week, our models predicted a finish on the week that was to be near-unchanged to higher Vs the previous week’s finish, which proved to be correct. Dec has commenced the abbreviated week significantly lower.
  • 2023-2024
    Net Upland Sales 85,100
    Upland Shipments 1,75,400
    Net Pima Sales 2,800
    Pima Shipments 4,400
    TOTAL SALES 87,900

    Net Upland Sales 6,600
    Net Pima Sales 00
    TOTAL 6,600
Cleveland on Cotton
  • Keep An Eye on Cotton Prices and USDA September Report

    Sep 08, 2023

    December cotton futures lost all of last week’s price gains and then some, falling below 85 cents before correcting and positioning itself before making a run to the upper end of the trading range. Speculators were credited with the prior week’s run up and their associated profit taking, and the continuation of poor demand and weak economic indicators led the retreat to the 85-cent level.
PCCA Cotton Market Weekly
  • SEPTEMBER 8, 2023


    • Crude Oil Prices Reached Highest Level in 2023
    • Delayed U.S. Export Sales Report Held Higher than Expected Demand for U.S. Cotton
    • Crop Conditions Basically Unchanged from Week Prior
  • Sep-2023

    COTTON: The 2023/24 U.S. cotton projections include higher beginning stocks but lower production, exports, and ending stocks. Beginning stocks are increased 550,000 bales, largely reflecting ending stocks data for the previous year from the Agricultural Marketing Service and the NASS Cotton System Consumption and Stocks report.
  • 2023-2024
    Net Upland Sales 67,500
    Upland Shipments 1,18,200
    Net Pima Sales 1,000
    Pima Shipments 7,500
    TOTAL SALES 68,500

    Net Upland Sales 25,300
    Net Pima Sales 00
    TOTAL 25,300
Cleveland on Cotton
  • Stagnant Demand Continues to Suppress Cotton Market

    Sep 15, 2023

    Certificated stocks are coming to the Board. So what? Who cares?

    Better care!!

    It means that someone believes the best market for cotton is the futures market delivery mechanism. If delivery against futures is the best market for stocks, then it means the cash market does not want/need cotton. Of significant importance is that stocks are being moved to a privately-owned warehouse as opposed to a merchant/cooperative warehouse.
PCCA Cotton Market Weekly
  • SEPTEMBER 15, 2023


    • Strong Economic Data Has Many Betting Another Pause in Interest Rates Will Occur
    • U.S. Production Cut to 13.13 million Bales
    • Demand for U.S. Cotton Remains Tepid
    • Only 29% of the Cotton Crop in the U.S. is Rated Good to Excellent
Thompson On Cotton
  • Inflation Doesn’t Seem To Be Cooling Down

    September 19, 2023

    We entered last week expecting a great deal of market volatility as a host of fundamental and macroeconomic reports were scheduled for release. So it was, after advancing over 200 points ahead of the September WASDE it fell prey to the old buy the rumor, sell the fact idiom. Thus, giving back nearly all these gains to close Friday at 86.44, for a paltry gain of 53 points on the week.
  • 2023-2024
    Net Upland Sales 1,05,800
    Upland Shipments 1,50,700
    Net Pima Sales 800
    Pima Shipments 2,000
    TOTAL SALES 1,06,600

    Net Upland Sales 5,100
    Net Pima Sales 00
    TOTAL 5,100